If you found this site useful, please cite: Croote, D., Quake, S.R. Food allergen detection by mass spectrometry: the role of systems biology. npj Syst Biol Appl. 2016 Sep 29; 2:16022.

Allergen Targets


Food Matrix


Proteomics-Based Approach To Detect and Identify Major Allergens in Processed Peanuts by Capillary LC-Q-TOF (MS/MS)

Chassaigne H., Nørgaard J.V., van Hengel A.J.

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (2007), 55, 11, 4461--4473 DOI: 10.1021/jf063630e


An MS-based method, combining reversed-phase capillary liquid chromatography (capillary LC) with quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (nano-ESI Q-TOF MS/MS), was developed with the aim of identifying a set of peptides that can function as markers for peanut allergens. Emphasis was given to the identification of the three major peanut allergens Ara h 1, Ara h 2, and Ara h 3, because these proteins are considered to represent >30% of the total protein content of peanut and are directly relevant for the allergenic potential of this food. The analytical data obtained were used to perform databank searching in combination with de novo sequencing and led to the identification of a multitude of sequence tags for all three peanut allergens. Food processing such as roasting of peanuts is known to affect the stability of proteins and was shown to influence the detection of allergen sequence tags. The analysis of raw and roasted peanuts allowed the identification of five peanut-specific sequence tags that can function as markers of the specific allergenic proteins. For Ara h 1, two peptide markers were proposed, namely, VLEENAGGEQEER (m/z 786.88, charge 2+) and DLAFPGSGEQVEK (m/z 688.85, charge 2+), whereas for Ara h 2 only one peptide, RQQWELQGDR (m/z 439.23, charge 3+), was found to satisfy the required conditions. For Ara h 3, the two specific peptides, SPDIYNPQAGSLK (m/z 695.35, charge 2+) and SQSENFEYVAFK (m/z 724.84, charge 2+), were selected. Other peptides have been proposed as indicative for food processing. Keywords: Peanut allergens; food processing; tryptic peptides; capillary high-performance liquid chromatography (capillary LC); nanoelectrospray quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (nano-ESI Q-TOF MS/MS)