If you found this site useful, please cite: Croote, D., Quake, S.R. Food allergen detection by mass spectrometry: the role of systems biology. npj Syst Biol Appl. 2016 Sep 29; 2:16022.

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Primary sequence and site-selective hydroxylation of prolines in isoforms of a major peanut allergen protein Ara h 2

Li J., Shefcheck K., Callahan J., Fenselau C.

Protein Science (2010), 19, 1, 174--182 DOI: 10.1002/pro.295


The Ara h 2 proteins are major determinants of peanut allergens. These proteins have not been fully studied at the molecular level. It has been previously proposed that there are two isoforms of Ara h 2, based on primary structures that were deduced from two reported cDNA sequences. In this report, four isoforms have been purified and characterized individually. Mass spectrometric methods have been used to determine the protein sequences and to define post-translational modifications for all four isoforms. Two pairs of isoforms have been identified, corresponding to a long-chain form and a form that is shorter by 12 amino acids. Each pair is further differentiated by the presence or absence of a two amino acid sequence at the carboxyl terminus of the protein. Modifications that were characterized include site-specific hydroxylation of proline residues, but no glycosylation was found, in contrast to previous reports.